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ELA
Listening/speaking/purposes:
The student listens actively and purposefully in a variety of settings.
Listening/speaking/critical listening:
The student listens critically to analyze and evaluate a speaker’s message(s).
Listening/speaking/appreciation:
The student listens to enjoy and appreciate spoken language.
Listening/speaking/culture:
The student listens and speaks to gain and share knowledge of his/her own culture, the culture of others, and the common elements of cultures.
Listening/speaking/audiences:
The student speaks clearly and appropriately to different audiences for different purposes and occasions.
Reading/fluency:
The student reads with fluency and understanding in texts at appropriate difficulty levels.
Reading/variety of texts:
The student reads widely for different purposes in varied sources.
Reading/vocabulary development:
The student acquires an extensive vocabulary through reading and systematic word study.
Reading/comprehension:
The student comprehends selections using a variety of strategies.
Reading/literary response:
The student expresses and supports responses to various types of texts.
Reading/text structures/literary concepts:
The student analyzes the characteristics of various types of texts.
Reading/inquiry/research:
The student inquires and conducts research using a variety of sources.
Reading/culture:
The student reads to increase knowledge of his/her own culture, the culture of others, and the common elements of cultures.
Writing/purposes:
The student writes for a variety of audiences and purposes, and in a variety of forms.
Writing/spelling:
The student spells proficiently.
Writing/grammar/usage:
The student applies standard grammar and usage to communicate clearly and effectively in writing.
Writing/writing processes:
The student selects and uses writing processes for self-initiated and assigned writing.
Writing/evaluation:
The student evaluates his/her own writing and the writing of others.
Writing/inquiry/research:
The student uses writing as a tool for learning and research.
Writing/connections:
The student interacts with writers inside and outside the classroom in ways that reflect the practical uses of writing.
Viewing/representing/interpretation:
The student understands and interprets visual images, messages, and meanings.
Viewing/representing/analysis:
The student analyzes and critiques the significance of visual images, messages, and meanings.
Viewing/representing/production:
The student produces visual images, messages, and meanings that communicate with others.

Math
Number, operation, and quantitative reasoning:
The student uses place value to represent whole numbers and decimals; uses fractions in problem-solving situations; adds, subtracts, multiplies, and divides to solve meaningful problems; and estimates to determine reasonable results.
Patterns, relationships and algebraic thinking:
The student makes generalizations based on observed patterns and relationships; and describes relationships mathematically.
Geometry and spatial reasoning:
The student generates geometric definitions using critical attributes; models transformations; recognizes the connection between ordered pairs of numbers and locations of points on a plane.
Measurement:
The student applies measurement concepts involving length, area, capacity/volume and weight/mass to solve problems; and applies measurement concepts.
Probability and statistics:
The student describes and predicts the results of a probability experiment; solves problems by collecting, organizing, displaying, and interpreting sets of data.
Underlying processes and mathematical tools:
The student applies Grade 5 mathematics to solve problems connected to everyday experiences and activities in and outside of school; communicates about Grade 5 mathematics using informal language; and uses logical reasoning.
Science
Scientific processes:
The student conducts field and laboratory investigations following home and school safety procedures and environmentally appropriate and ethical practices; uses scientific methods during field and laboratory investigations; uses critical thinking and scientific problem solving to make informed decisions; and knows how to use a variety of tools and methods to conduct science inquiry.
Science concepts;
The student knows that a system is a collection of cycles, structures, and processes that interact; knows that some change occurs in cycles; knows that matter has physical properties; knows that energy occurs in many forms; knows that adaptations may increase the survival of members of a species; knows that likenesses between offspring and parents can be inherited or learned; knows that certain past events affect present and future events; and knows that the natural world includes earth materials and objects in the sky.
Social Studies
History:
The student understands the causes and effect of European colonization in the U.S.; understands how conflict between the American colonies and Great Britain led to American independence; understands the events that led from the articles of Confederation to the creation of the U.S. Constitution and the government it established; understands political, economic and social changes that occurred in the U.S. during the 19th century; and understands important issues, events, and individuals of the 20th century in the U.S.
Geography:
The student uses geographic tools to collect, analyze and interpret data; understands the concept of regions; understands the location and patterns of settlement and the geographic factors that influence where people live; understands how people adapt to and modify their environment; understands the basic economic patterns of early societies in the U.S.; and understands the reasons for exploration and colonization.
Economics:
The student understands the characteristics and benefits of the free enterprise system in the U.S.; understands the impact of supply and demand on consumers and producers in a free enterprise system; understands patterns of work and economic activities in the U.S.; understands how people organized governments in colonial America; understands important ideas in the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution; and understands the framework of government created by the U.S. Constitution.
Citizenship:
The student understands important customs, symbols, and celebrations that represent American beliefs and principles and contribute to our national identity; understands the importance of individual participation in the democratic process; understands the importance of effective leadership in a democratic society; and understands the fundamental rights of American citizens guaranteed in the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Culture:
The student understands the relationship between the arts and the times during which they are created; understands the contributions of people of various racial, ethnic, and religious groups to the U.S.
Science:
The student understands the impact of science and technology on life in the U.S.
Social Studies:
The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired from a variety of sources including electronic technology; communicates in written, oral, and visual forms; and uses problem-solving and decision-making skills, working independently and with others, in a variety of settings.





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